Types of Cannabis
Cannabis has diﬀerent subspecies based on the diﬀerence in cannabinoid concentration.
Cannabis indica is well known for its sedating properties. Diﬀerent concentrations of cannabinoids like THC and CBD, as well as terpenes, give Indica strains distinct eﬀects.
Eﬀects: Indica produces a strong “body” high that is known as “couch lock.” Many users report feeling physically heavy, unable to move, and profoundly calm after taking a high Indica strain. Indicas also tend to increase hunger.
Cannabis sativa is prized for its uplifting qualities, which make it distinct from cannabis Indica. Diﬀerent quantities of cannabinoids and terpenes dictate the eﬀects of all Sativa strains, making some tremendously stimulating and others mildly invigorating.
Eﬀects: Sativa is known for its “head” high, which is mostly felt in the brain. As a result, Sativa strains are slightly more hallucinogenic than Indica strains.
Cannabis ruderalis, a lesser-known marijuana species, used to grow wild in the severe temperatures of Central and Eastern Europe, as well as Asia.
Eﬀects: THC levels in Cannabis ruderalis are naturally low. This means it has almost no psychoactive properties. However, because it is strong in CBD, it may be beneﬁcial to those who use marijuana for medical reasons. Because cannabis ruderalis contains CBD, it produces a non-intoxicating soothing, clear-headed high.
Cannabis plants that are hybrids are a mix of Indica and Sativa strains. Usually, they are indica- or Sativa-dominant hybrids, but they can also be an equal mix of both types of cannabis.
Eﬀects: Hybrid cannabis has a diverse range of eﬀects. Because hybrid strains include both sativas and indicas, the outcome will be determined by which strains were selected for breeding. Some hybrid strains have exceptionally high THC content, while others have lower THC content and higher CBD content.